In recent years, we have seen an increasing number of cases dealing with palimony filed in the New Jersey courts. Palimony has long been based on the law of contracts, where an oral promise can be enforced if a party relies and acts on it to their detriment. But a new law came into being during the last days of the Corzine Administration, requiring that in order for a palimony agreement to be enforceable, it must now be in writing and be executed with the independent advice of legal counsel.
Recently, forensic accounting expert, Mark S. Gottlieb, met with Stephanie Hagan, a Family Law attorney and Partner in the firm Donohue, Hagan, Klein, Newsome and O’Donnell PC, to discuss the enactment of the Statute and its effect on couples. Both of these professionals have extensive experience in matrimonial and family law matters.
Although early palimony decisions found that cohabitation was a necessary element in a palimony action, this concept was eventually overruled by the New Jersey Supreme Court in 2008 when the Court ruled in Devaney v. L’Esperance . In this case cohabitation was no longer a required factor. The Court found that a marital-type relationship is essential to any palimony claim; however, cohabitation is not essential to a determination of a marital-type relationship. In many instances married couples may be separated by employment, military, or educational opportunities. Hence, not all married couples live together on a full-time basis.
According to Ms. Hagan, there is no doubt that the L’Esperance decision was the catalyst for the Legislature in passing the new law. Effective January 2010, the law requires all “promises” of support to be made in writing. As a result, many people who have entered into a long-term committed relationships without being married may find themselves in financial jeopardy. Ms. Hagan emphasizes this issue for those of modest means. Without recourse, many individuals, regardless of financial capacity, may find themselves vulnerable when living with someone without a written agreement..
These written agreements are still considered “contracts” between two parties and can be held invalid for any number of reasons–including being “unconscionable” or “void” as against public policy. The legislation also says the written promise will not be binding unless it was made with independent legal advice for both parties.
To learn more about the new palimony law in New Jersey, please listen to Mark S. Gottlieb’s podcast with Stephanie Hagan.
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